The pendulum clock was created, making it possible to make the clocks less imposing. This is the first step towards the miniaturization of the clock and the creation of the watch like Rolex submariner (โร เล็ก ซ์ ซับ มา รี น which is the term in Thai).
The Rise Of Watchmaking In The 17th Century
These two countries then experienced a real boom in watchmaking, while France was in total decline. Supported by royalty and the bourgeoisie, who are fond of the technical marvels of the watch and the clock, the master watchmakers begin to acquire more rights.
They come together in communities. In 1601, the Corporation des horologe was created in Geneva. Moreover, it would seem that it is in this city that the wristwatch appears for the first time. While the decline of watchmaking and the economy is confirmed in France, the English and French exiles instigate significant developments.
Until the end of the 17th century, the watch industry was dominated by England. Iconic watchmakers like John Arnold, or Thomas Earnshaw, are the instigators of many new products. Rivals, these two watchmakers compete in ingenuity to produce increasingly precise clocks, which they manufacture in numerous copies. These chronometers are used in particular in the navy.
The Age Of Enlightenment Brings Its Renewal.
After the economic crisis that shook France during Louis XIV’s reign, a movement is born that gives back to the country its letters of nobility. It is the movement of lights. At that time, innovations in all fields are legion. Interest in scientific and philosophical advances is renewed.
Watchmakers like Ferdinand Berthoud and his competitor Pierre Le Roy contributed to marine watchmaking after many trips to England. The clock is only used to measure time, and now it is used to know longitude at sea.
Anxious to share his knowledge, Ferdinand Berthoud contributed a lot to the famous Encyclopédie des Lumières. He will also have as a student another illustrious watchmaker known under the name of Abraham-Louis Breguet. Driven by economic, scientific, and social changes, the rise of watchmaking is only just beginning. This art still flourishing today will experience a revolution: industrialization and large-scale production.